Lexicon

Welcome to AHRMM's healthcare supply chain Lexicon. This database contains terms used throughout the healthcare supply chain field. Simply click on the link to access the entire definition.

AHRMM thanks Kate Vitasek and Supply Chain Visions for their contribution of certain terms to the Lexicon. Terms supplied by Supply Chain Visions are used with permission. Supply Chain Vision’s Glossary of Supply Chain Management Terms appears on the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals website. AHRMM also acknowledges Michael B. Neely with Perimeter Solutions Group for his role in developing healthcare-specific terms.

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= definition provided by CSCMP
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  • Yard Management System (YMS)

    A system which is designed to facilitate and organize the coming, going and staging of trucks and trucks with trailers in the parking "yard" that serves a warehouse, distribution or manufacturing facility.
  • Yield

    The ratio of usable output from a process to its input.
  • YMS

    See Yard Management System
  • Yokoten

    A term Toyota adopted to capture the idea of horizontal transfer of information and knowledge across an organization. Yokoten is a two-way street, requiring proactive effort from both those acquiring and developing the knowledge and those who could benefit from greater understanding of the requirements for success.
  • Zone of rate flexibility

    Railroads are permitted to raise rates by a percentage increase in the railroad cost index determined by the ICC; rates may be raised by 6% per year through 1984 and 4% thereafter.
  • Zone of rate freedom

    Motor carriers are permitted to raise or lower rates by 10% in one year without ICC interference; if the rate change is within the zone of freedom, the rate is presumed to be reasonable.
  • Zone of reasonableness

    A zone or limit within which air carriers are permitted to change rates without regulatory scrutiny; if the rate change is within the zone, the new rate is presumed to be reasonable.