Lexicon

Welcome to AHRMM's healthcare supply chain Lexicon. This database contains terms used throughout the healthcare supply chain field. Simply click on the link to access the entire definition.

AHRMM thanks Kate Vitasek and Supply Chain Visions for their contribution of certain terms to the Lexicon. Terms supplied by Supply Chain Visions are used with permission. Supply Chain Vision’s Glossary of Supply Chain Management Terms appears on the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals website. AHRMM also acknowledges Michael B. Neely with Perimeter Solutions Group for his role in developing healthcare-specific terms.

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  • GAAP

    See Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
  • Gain Sharing

    A method of incentive compensation where supply chain partners share collectively in savings from productivity improvements. The concept provides an incentive to both the buying and supplier organizations to focus on continually re-evaluating, re-energizing, and enhancing their business relationship. All aspects of value delivery are scrutinized, including specification design, order processing, inbound transportation, inventory management, obsolescence programs, material yield, forecasting and inventory planning, product performance and reverse logistics. The focus is on driving out limited value cost while protecting profit margins. Also see Performance Based Logistics.
  • Gain Sharing

    A method of incentive compensation where partners share collectively in savings from productivity improvements. The concept provides an incentive to both the hospital and physician to focus on continually evaluating and enhancing the treatment and standard of care for various methods of treatment. The focus is on driving out limited value cost while improving patient outcomes. Some healthcare organizations have extended this concept to partnering with physicians to share savings from cost reductions. This is an area which requires very astute processes and legal review.
  • Gap Analysis

    Technique for determining the steps to be taken in moving from a current state to a desired future-state. It begins with (1) listing of characteristic factors (such as attributes, competencies, performance levels) of the present situation, (2) cross-lists factors required to achieve the future objectives, and then (3) highlights the 'gaps' that exist and need to be filled.
  • Gap analysis

    The process of determining and documenting the variance (gap) between goals and current performance.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease

    See GERT
  • Gateway

    The connection that permits messages to flow freely between two networks.
  • Gathering lines

    Oil pipelines that bring oil from the oil well to storage areas.
  • GATT

    See General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
  • GCI

    See Global Commerce Initiative
  • GDSN

    See Global Date Synchronization Network
  • Gemba Kanri

    A Lean management term which refers to the control and improvement of the value creating processes.
  • Genchi Genbutsu

    A Japanese phrase used in Lean management which means "Go and see for yourself" Rather than simply hear or read about a problem and make a suggestion for improvement, one should actually go to its direct location and experience the situation first hand.
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

    The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade started as an international trade organization in 1947, and has been superseded by the World Trade Organization (WTO). GATT (the agreement) covers international trade in goods. An updated General Agreement is now the WTO agreement governing trade in goods. The 1986-1994 "Uruguay Round" of GATT member discussions gave birth to the WTO and also created new rules for dealing with trade in services, relevant aspects of intellectual property, dispute settlement, and trade policy reviews. GATT 1947: The official legal term for the old (pre-1994) version of the GATT. GATT 1994: The official legal term for new version of the General Agreement, incorporated into the WTO, and including GATT 1947.
  • General commodities carrier

    A common motor carrier that has operating authority to transport general commodities, or all commodities not listed as special commodities.
  • General Order (GO)

    A customs term referring to a warehouse where merchandise not entered within five working days after the carrier's arrival is stored at the risk and expense of the importer.
  • General-merchandise warehouse

    A warehouse that is used to store goods that are readily handled, are packaged, and do not require a controlled environment.
  • Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

    GAAP refers to the standard framework of guidelines for financial accounting used in any given jurisdiction; generally known as accounting standards. GAAP includes the standards, conventions, and rules accountants follow in recording and summarizing, and in the preparation of financial statements
  • Genomic Medicine

    is the application of molecular methods to clinical medicine; The term has been variously defined as the science of human biological variation as it relates to health and disease; the study of the etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history of diseases and disorders that are at least partially genetic in origin; and the application of genetics to medicine or to medical practice
  • Genotyping

    is the process of determining differences in the genetic make-up genotype of an individual by examining the individual's DNA sequence using biological assays and comparing it to another individual's sequence or a reference sequence. It reveals the alleles an individual has inherited from their parents. Traditionally genotyping is the use of DNA sequences to define biological populations by use of molecular tools. It does not usually involve defining the genes of an individual